Jurnal teologic 13.1 (2014)
SABOU, Sorin. ‘Human Nature and Moral Principles.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 5-16.
Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest; Liberty University
In broad general terms human nature matters to which moral principles we should endorse. Moral and political principles exist for the good of human persons. There is a link between our basic abilities as humans and the moral and political principles we endorse. Our basic abilities to live, love and choose should inform our judgments for preserving and fostering life, love and liberty.
Keywords: human nature, ethics, moral principles, abilities
BABAN, Octavian. ‘„Cuvântul este aproape de tine“: teologia invocării cerului și mării ca martori ai credinței și ai prezenței divine / The Word is Near You: The Theology of Invoking the Heavens and the Sea as Witness of Faith and Divine Presence.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 17-43.
Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest
In Psalm 139.7-12 David offers a profound theological commentary, with a pleasant style, on the questions related to the search for God’s presence. In the Bible there are other two related texts, as the theme and style are concerned, Deuteronomy 30.11-14 and Romans 10.5-8. It can be seen, surprisingly, that these passages use a related language and a coherent theological perspective. This article is a study of their specific themes, their historical and theological connections, and also of their contribution to an understanding of being close to God, to Messiah, of entrance into salvation and blessed worship, through personal faith.
Keywords: faith, heavens, sea, witness, Divine Presence
BARTOȘ, Emil. ‘Note apologetice despre învierea trupească / Apologetical Notes on Bodily Resurrection.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 44-79.
School of Baptist Theology, University of Bucharest
Very early in the history of Early Church, the doctrine of the resurrection of Christ from the dead constituted the foundation of the Christian faith. But in modernity this doctrine has come under the attack of liberal theology, by contesting the authenticity of the resurrection event. This paper, written as an apologetic note, presents the biblical, historical and rational arguments for the doctrine of the resurrection of Christ as a major doctrine of the Church, and also as a norm of the future resurrection of the believers. In the second part of the paper the analysis will switch from the historical evidences to metahistorical effects, trying to see a determining link between the spiritual resurrection and the future bodily resurrection: the first determines the second. The distinctive character of this study is given by the courage to affirm, anticipatively, that the future resurrection has started in a real way in the believer beginning with the inner experience of resurrection to a new life through the work of the Holy Spirit at the center of his personality.
Keywords: resurrection, apologetics, Holy Spirit, experience
SCHEETZ, Jordan M. ‘Cannonical Approaches, New Trajectories, and the Book of Daniel.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 81-110.
Tyndale Theological Seminary, Amsterdam
This paper briefly outlines the origins of canonical approaches including James Sanders, Brevard Childs, and Rolf Rendtorff, before turning to the canonical approach of John Sailhamer. Points of contrast between Childs, Rendtorff, and Sailhamer are made in relation to their proposed canonical texts and the development of these canonical texts. Although they all rely to a greater of lesser extent on the text of BHS, Sailhamer’s approach lends itself to exploring LXX texts, including their different early orderings exactly because of their early pre-Masoretic origins. Moving beyond these earlier approaches, the book of Daniel becomes a test case, critically challenging the assumption that BHS or even Baba Batra 14b represents the (earliest) canonical form of the Hebrew Scriptures. The point is not the rather historically dubious position that the placement of Daniel is to be here or there, but that thematic considerations and not the date of composition have led to its various placements, what I have called elsewhere canonical intertextuality.
Keywords: canonical texts, Daniel, intertextuality
SWEIS, Khaldoun. ‘Is a Fetus a Human Person?: Thinking Deeply on a Complex and Politically Charged Question.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 111-127.
City Colleges of Chicago
This article will address the question, is a human being is a human person? Many modern bioethics professors and philosophers have adopted a new view of human personhood that makes allowances and justifications for embryonic stem cell research and abortion. I will address this issue by arguing that the human being is a human person. I will attempt to do this by stating that 1) Claiming that an adult human person is different in kind from a fetus or embryo is a category mistake between actuality and potentiality. 2) I will argue that the difference between the adult human and the human embryo is a difference in degree, not kind. 3) I will argue that claiming that an embryo is not a human person will lead to an absurd result using reductio ad absurdum. 4) I will propose an argument showing that a human being must be a human person.
Keywords: fetus, human person, abortion, embryo
RUSU, Timotei. ‘Amenințări laice ale conducerii bisericii / The Secular Threats upon the Church Government.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 129-155.
Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest
God’s people suppose to be governed by God. Many times the church is govern similar to any secular institution. Why is that? In this article, is presented an answer is found in the history of the people of God in the Old Testament. God rescued His people from Egypt and gave them a law. Short after that the people complained and wanted democracy with all its problems. Then they had anarchy and end up with a monarchy like all the nations around. Any model of secular government is a threat even for today’s people of God - His Church. When the church leaders today know these threats they might avoid them, staying under the authority of Jesus Christ.
Keywords: Leadership, Democracy, Anarchy, Monarchy, Church
COLDA, Teodor-Ioan. ‘Utopia libertății religioase în România postbelică. Baptiștii din România în perioada de tranziție de la Monarhie la Republică (1945-1953) II / The Utopia of Religious Freedom in Postbelic Romania. Romanian Baptists in transition from Monarchy to Republic (1945-1953) II.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 157-189.
Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest; Academic Visitor Attached to Ballioll College, University of Oxford
In this paper the author tries to give a fair description and interpretation of the life of Baptist Churches in the period of transition from Monarchy to Republic in postbellic Romania, based on many unprecedented archive documents. The main focus of the paper is the problem of religious freedom in this very shifty period. Because of the persecution endured between the two world wars and during the nationalist and fascist regime of Antonescu, the self proclaimed absolute leader of Romania between 1940 and 1944, the Romanian Baptists tried to cope with the new situation established in their country at the end of the war, which seemed to be far better than before. Religious freedom was granted for all, first by His Royal Majesty King Michael and afterwards by the communists who managed to force the King into exile and transformed Romania into a republic. Though the communists were granting religious freedom through a new constitution they weren’t really committed to the idea of freedom, because of their proletarian revolutionary believes. This reluctance to offer religious freedom was encouraged by historical precedents in which the Orthodox Church managed to drive the state into a sinister partnership of persecuting those who were considered sects, dangerous for an Orthodox nation. In these circumstances, and tired from being persecuted, Baptist leaders and Baptist churches were forced into an unusual relationship with the communists. First it seemed that there couldn’t be any wrong or any danger in having a relationship with the state which is willing to grant religious freedom even for religious minorities. But in an atheistic and communist state religious freedom becomes a utopia.
Keywords: Baptist, Orthodox, Church, State, Persecution, Communism, Second World War
GHIOANCĂ, Constantin. ‘Predicarea expozitivă și relevanța ei contemporană / Expository Preaching and its Contemporary Relevance.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 191-205.
Adonai Romanian Baptist Church, Bucharest
The aim of this paper is to discuss about the relevance of expository preaching in contemporary postmodern world. While some critics argue that expository preaching is no longer welcome in a postmodern society, our endeavor is to bring this view into question. We try to do this by focusing on the proper meaning and definition, both of „expository preaching” and that of „relevance”, in order to emphasize that once we understand that expository preaching is more than merely a method, then its relevance is obvious, even in a postmodern climate.
Keywords: expository preaching, relevance, postmodernity, homiletic structure, authority, Bible, experience
FRANDEȘ, Dorin. ‘Sonorul: un aspect marginalizat în lectura și predicarea Bibliei / Sound: a Marginalized Issue in the Reading and Preaching of the Bible.’ Jurnal teologic Vol 13, Nr 1 (2014): 207-217.
State Philharmonic of Arad, Romania
In this paper the author is pleading to include sound and its relationship to contemporary society in present human concerns. This is a major need especially after the hyper-democratisation of the access to the many possibilities of amending the soundstage (or the phono-sphere). He also draws attention to the dangers which come from the use of 21st century technology, with no formal training, in the field of production, reception, storage, multiplication, transmission or “cosmetics” and amplification of sound. The author believes that the Bible becomes the measure for correct behaviour in relation to sound / noise and proposes a novel research, a sound based approach to the Bible, aiming to detect the rules for a correct relationship with sound in human environment. This is a topic which hasn’t been approached through preaching or through Sunday school teaching in churches.
Keywords: sound, noise, Bible, phono-sphere, environment