For Augustine the time itself is created by God: ‘there was no time before heaven and earth’ (Conf. 11.13.15); there is no ‘then’ where there is no time. God is understood to exist in an ‘ever-present eternity’ (Conf. 11.13.16; Russell, 2009) beyond time where his ‘today’ is eternity. To underlay the beginning of time and the distinction from eternity Augustine says that ’there was never a time when there was no time’ (Conf. 11.13.16). In other words God is not coeternal with time (Conf. 11.13.17).